Tag Archives: Exploitation

Das Kapital vol. 3 Part 2 chapter 8 Different Compositions of Capitals in Different Branches of Production and Resulting Differences in Rates of Profit

“…differences in the average rate of profit in the various branches of industry do not exist in reality, and could not exist without abolishing the entire system of capitalist production. It would seem, therefore, that here the theory of value is incompatible with the actual process, incompatible with the real phenomena of production, and that for this reason any attempt to understand these phenomena should be given up.” Continue reading

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Das Kapital vol. 3 Part 2- opening thoughts

Herein lies theoretical ideas that have been hotly debated for well over a century now. Up until now we have assumed that price equals value and that profit is directly related to the amount of surplus value produced. But now, 140 pages into the 3rd volume of Kapital Marx explains that in conditions of capitalist competition prices don’t equal values and that profit is not determined by the surplus value produced by a firm. This has raised all manner of criticism and even ridicule from some corners. Bohm Bawerk made much of this in his criticism of Marx. Continue reading

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Das Kapital vol. 3 part 1 chapter 7: Supplementary Remarks

….Therefore it is easy to confuse the value-creating powers of labor with the subjective valuations that happen in exchange. We have seen, throughout these opening chapters, how that profit comes wholly from surplus value. Yet the rate of profit is modified by a variety of other factors like changes in the value of constant capital, turnover time, changes in value of labor power, etc. This is one more way in which we confuse these changes for the cause of value. We might notice that increased turnover time increases profit but this doesn’t mean that time itself creates value. We might notice that a decrease in constant capital costs causes profits to rise. But this doesn’t mean that constant capital is creating more value. Continue reading

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Das Kapital vol.3 Part 1 Chapter 2: The Rate of Profit

The summary which begins Chapter Two serves not only to remind us of some important details about the way in which value is produced but also ties together several details that will be essential for understanding our analysis of the law of value in the context of competing capitals. We are reminded first that surplus value is created in production but only realized in circulation. This is a crucial point as it really helps delineate the essential contours of Marx’s argument. The world of appearance is dominated by fetishism. We think that the coercive and tantalizing power of the market, that value, is manifest in commodities themselves as a result of their specific properties. We think that capital itself creates value. And we think that the process of exchange itself can create a profit. Continue reading

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Kapital Vol. 3 – Engels’ Preface 1894

The first part of Engels’ introduction describes the laborious process Engels confronted as he attempted to put together a draft of Volume 3 from Marx’s incomplete manuscripts and notes. It sounds like a nightmare of a task. Continue reading

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Interview with Andrew Kliman

Here is an interview with Andrew Kliman in which Kliman discusses the Marxist theory of capitalist crisis. Kliman is professor of economics at PACE university and author of the very important book Reclaiming Marx’s Capital. Kliman talks about some of … Continue reading

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Work. Part One: Part Two: Human beings have always worked. But the way we work has changed over time. In working we not only create the necessities for our own survival but we create the world around us and create … Continue reading

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