Tag Archives: bohm-bawerk

On Labor as the Substance of Value

(This is a draft. All comments welcome. Citations and footnotes are incomplete.) Labor as Substance of Value Once Marx has established that value is a property intrinsic to commodities he immediately goes on to ask what this value is and … Continue reading

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Value and Price Q&A

I have been looking forward to finally putting together a script for a video on Value and Price. As a preparation for that task I’ve written the following: an attempted summary of my understanding the topic. The text is peppered … Continue reading

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Law of Value 8: Subject/Object

Law of Value 8: Subject/Object part 1: part 2: part 3: part 4: One of the more common objections raised to Marx’s theory of value, at least here in the theoretical void of cyberspace, is the objection posed by subjective … Continue reading

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Law of Value 8: Subject/Object -draft

This is a draft of my script for the 8th video in my Law of Value series (see link to the right). All comments and criticisms are extremely welcome… that’s why I post these scripts before going into production. Subject/Object … Continue reading

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Marginal Futility- Reflections on Simon Clarke’s “Marx, Marginalism and Modern Sociology”

Reflections on Simon Clarke’s “Marx, Marginalism and Modern Sociology” I say “reflections” but this post is mostly a summary of parts of this great book by Simon Clarke. I read Clarke’s book “Marx’s Theory of Crisis” a year ago and … Continue reading

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Bukharin on the Subjective/Objective Value debate

Thoughts on Bukharin’s “Economic Theory of the Leisure Class”, opening chapters… My preparations for “Law of Value 8: subject/object” which is to attempt to make sense of the debate over whether value is subjective or objective have led me to … Continue reading

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Law of Value 7: Production and Exchange

This is part 7 of a series on the law of value. Part 1: Part 2: Part 3: Production- Exchange script We get into trouble anytime we try to understand something in isolation. The true meaning of things exist not … Continue reading

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Law of Value 4: Value

…And this is where any social theory must begin: with a study of the productive activity of people as they work to create the world they live in. Not only is this the best starting place for an analysis of society, it is also the best starting point for a radical social theory whose aim is to investigate the possibility of changing the world. If we realize that human society is not the result of some natural or divine eternal logic but merely the creation of our own labor then that means that we have the power to mold and shape that society as we see fit. In a capitalist society these creative powers take the form of an external world of value and capital that acts back upon society, shaping it against the will of its creators. Yet, in the end the world of capital is nothing but the product of our own creation. If we truly want to change the world it is not up to nature, God, fate or experts, but up to us. This is the radical challenge of the law of value. Continue reading

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Das Kapital vol.3 Chapter 9: Formation of a General Rate of Profit (Average Rate of Profit) and Transformation of the Values of Commodities into Prices of Production

In all of the consternation, debate and quarreling over Marx’s value theory this chapter, chapter 9 of volume 3, lies in the center of much of that (though perhaps chapter 10 even more so). Continue reading

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Das Kapital vol. 3 Part 2- opening thoughts

Herein lies theoretical ideas that have been hotly debated for well over a century now. Up until now we have assumed that price equals value and that profit is directly related to the amount of surplus value produced. But now, 140 pages into the 3rd volume of Kapital Marx explains that in conditions of capitalist competition prices don’t equal values and that profit is not determined by the surplus value produced by a firm. This has raised all manner of criticism and even ridicule from some corners. Bohm Bawerk made much of this in his criticism of Marx. Continue reading

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